I found that Mike Daisy’s recount of the conditions of the Foxconn plant to be very graphic and disturbing. However, I do not think that this is the fault of Apple, but rather Foxconn and the totalitarian regime of China. The reason that the majority of U.S. products are manufactured in China is because the cost is so much cheaper than in the United States. Unfortunately, this cheap labor breeds awful working conditions. The Chinese government does not enforce labor standards, allowing for underage workers, harsh conditions, extended hours, and low wages. Foxconn operates on the basis of many Chinese companies that people are expendable and like parts of a machine.
Apple, on the other hand, has done nothing wrong. It periodically checks the plants for stable working conditions and—at least on the surface—investigates any labor issues that occur. Daisy even recounted that Foxconn knew when the plants were being audited and would adjust their standards accordingly. But the real point—though a controversial one—is that Apple needs the low cost labor of Foxconn to exist in the first place. If Foxconn increased wages and benefits to the levels that Americans enjoy, Apple would cease to exist, as the average wage in China is $2.00 compared to the average wage in the U.S. of $34.75 (this would be an additional $25 billion per year in costs and Apple makes roughly $14 billion) 1.
While the conditions in China are terrible, we cannot blame Apple for producing its products there to stay in business (focusing on the design of their products that consumers love so much). It is the role of the Chinese government to enact and enforce laws that help the people gain better working conditions, as companies like Foxconn are designed to minimize costs at all costs. However, as we have seen before from the communist China (i.e. sending a 14-year old to the Olympics in 2000), the government only views its citizens as tools to serve the state.